The emigration routes have varied over time. Many emigrants from Denmark went via i.a. Hamburg, Bremen at first, but when the Danish Steamship Line, DFDS, started their direct lines (from e.g. Libau and Copenhagen with stops in Gothenburg or Oslo) to America, that, of course, was the first choice for many from Denmark, Norway, Sweden and the East European countries.
The mass migration became an increasingly prosperous market for the shipping companies and travel agents, and competition was fierce. Unfortunately some tried to earn quick money by cheating the emigrants. There are stories about emigrants who thought that they had bought tickets to New York, but where landed in England instead.
The Danish government in an attempt to regulate the activities and to protect the emigrants, required that the agents that sold tickets to the emigrants had to make lists and submit them to the police. Records were kept for both the direct and the indirect traffic (i.a. via Germany or England).
It is therefore be possible to find those who emigrated from Denmark and bought their ticket from a Danish agent in the Copenhagen Police Records. If they bought their tickets elsewhere or it was sent to them from relatives in America, they will not be listed in the police records!
The Copenhagen Police Records have been made available in an online searchable database by The Danish Emigrant Archives (Udvandrerarkivet) and can also be bought as a CD-Rom. At present the database covers the years 1863-1903, the rest is under preparation.
FinlandThe following websites
NorwayThe number of Jews transmigrating through Norway was small, but nonetheless that just might be the place to look for your ancestor.
Information about Hamburg as port of emigration and the passenger lists from Hamburg is also of interest (as many from Denmark in the beginning emigrated via Hamburg - see above), and can be found at the following websites:
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