Arrivals To Buchenwald on Jan 22, 1945

by Peter Landé

INTRODUCTION

This list is titled: "Supplement to the Report of Changes of 18 January 1945 Name List of the 2470 new arrivals in Lager II (Buchenwald)".

Buchenwald, located near Weimar in eastern Germany, was one of the largest concentration camps in the Nazi system.  It in turn, had dozens of sub-camps where prisoners were used as forced laborers.  Luckily for historians and genealogists, many of its records were recovered and there are over 100 reels of microfilm (100,000 frames) located in the Captured German Records Collection at the United States National Archives in College Park, Maryland.  The collection is a hodgepodge of material and it is difficult to locate information on the tens of thousands of names which appear somewhere in these files.  HOWEVER - volunteers at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum have prepared a rough finding aid for the overall collection (see Captured German Records).

Persons seeking information on individuals may write to the Gedenkstätte Buchenwald, D-99427 Weimar, Germany, email buchenwald@t-online.de, or fax 49 3643 43010.  Please do not expect quick or easy answers -- the small staff at this site is only in the early stages of sorting this avalanche of material.

One of the most common errors which genealogists make in researching Holocaust records is to assume that once they have located an individual and the camp to which that person was sent, he/she can be assumed to have died there.  This is generally true of some death camps such as Treblinka, but is not true of most other camps.  In fact, even up to the end of the war, there were constant movements of prisoners from camp to camp, sometimes due to forced labor needs, sometimes to move prisoners away from approaching Allied forces.

The following is one such list of 2,740 prisoners who arrived in Buchenwald on January 22, 1945, from Czestochowa, though the source of the transport is not given on the list.  The list itself simply gives names and no further information other than prisoner number, though other lists often give nationality and place of birth, while a few lists give additional information such as profession and place of birth.  However, using this information, if one is persistent and lucky, one can search other material, e.g., incomplete death lists, and locate further information on these individuals.

It should be stressed this list is intended to be illustrative of the tens of thousands of names which appear on similar lists and other material relating to Buchenwald, and other camps.  It is hoped that it will elicit greater interest in making similar material more widely available for researchers.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

We owe our most sincere gratitude to the Stan Hart who transcribed this list, and to Peter Lande without whose efforts this information would not be available to you today.


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Last updated October30, 2010 by MFK