Deportation of Białystok Children from
Theresienstadt to Auschwitz
Abtransport Dn/a on October 5, 1943,
of 53 Adults and 1,196 Children from the Białystok Ghetto
In the Spring of 2000, just before Passover, a copy of the April
2000 issue of the Bialystoker Shtimme, a publication
of the Bialystoker Center & Bikur Cholim (228 East Broadway, NY, NY)
arrived at my home. Included amongst the articles was a special
supplement entitled "The Transport of 1,200 Children from the
Białystok Ghetto to the Theresienstadt Camp."
In this gripping article, Bronka Klibanski told the story of
one specific group of Jewish children from the Białystok Ghetto
who were used as helpless pawns in a Nazi propaganda attempt at
negotiations. While most of these children were born in
Białystok, there are also children who were born in almost
30 other towns. When the children were no longer necessary
in the Nazi scheme of things, they were brutally sent on to
their deaths in the gas chambers at Auschwitz.
Ms. Klibanski shared some additional details in a letter I received
from her in October 2000, especially that "the transport list
Dn/a was prepared by the SS in Theresienstadt" and that after
the decision was made to transfer the children to their deaths,
this list was transferred to the Auschwitz administration.
In addition, "copies of the list were transmitted by the SS
to the Reichssicherheits Hauptaunt in Berlin and to the
What stirred me the most when I first looked through this list
was how many children from a single family — two, three, four,
even five — were taken at one time. Part of the reason for the
multiple members of a family being in this transport might be that about
400 of the children were taken from ghetto orphanages.
But the other part of the reason might lie in the nefarious dealings
and subterfuges of the Nazis who had suggested these children might
be used as part of an exchange deal, and ultimately go to Palestine.
Many parents may have turned their children over in the hope of saving
their young, precious lives.
As I typed in the many names, such as Mejlach Gemore ~ King of Talmud,
or Szejna Szadchen ~ The Beautiful Matchmaker, I could not help but think
there is a certain magic and music in the Hebrew and Yiddish names of many
of these children who lived such tragically short lives.
The following are the fields included in this list:
|List Number of Adults
|| - list number associated with each of the 53 adults in this transport
|List Number of Children
|| - the list number associated with each of the 1196 children in this transport
|| - includes any middle name or title such as Dr.
|| - included only for adults
||- full date of birth (dd/mm/yyyy) included for the adults, only year of birth for children
||- city of birth included only for the children
There is also another historical account associated with this particular
list, for it is from the Herman Weiss collection.
According to information from Yad Vashem:
"Herman Weiss was born in 1917 in Czechoslovakia and was a lawyer,
and starting in the late thirties was active in a Zionist organization
in Prague which arranged illegal immigration to Palestine. On November 30, 1941
he was deported to Theresienstadt, where he was appointed by the Altestenrat
(Council of Elders) to found the statistical department, which he in fact did
found and head.
One of the jobs of the department was to record all deportations which
arrived and left Theresienstatdt. Hermann Weiss carefully made extra, underground
copies of all the lists. In this undertaking he was joined by other workers
in the department, who were conscious of the danger in doing so. When the Gestapo
sent an order to destroy all documentation, the extra copies were already ready to be
hidden until liberation. Hermann Weiss took the documentation with him to Paris, and then
to Canada. He died in 1979. In 1980 the documentation was found by Dr. Stephen Barber, and
brought to the Yad Vashem archive."
The information contained in this database was indexed as part of the data
sharing agreement between Yad Vashem
Thanks to Zvi Bernhardt and the Hall of Names staff, the data was provided
from the files of Yad Vashem (file 064/318).
This information is accessible to you today, thanks to the effort of the
following JewishGen volunteer who is responsible for the transcription of
this file: Judi Langer-Surnamer Caplan.
Searching the Database
This database is searchable via
JewishGen's Holocaust Database
JewishGen Poland Database.
Last Update: 06 Jun 2011 by WSB