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Tīrgu Mureş Deportation List - 1944

Introduction by Nolan Altman

· Historical Background
· The Database
· Acknowledgements
· Search the Database

This collection contains information about 4,598 individuals who were deported from the Tīrgu Mureş ghetto, beginning in 1944.

Historical Background

Tīrgu Mureş, in Romania, was also known as Maros-Vįsįrhely (in Hungarian), Neumark am Maros (in German), as well as Tārgu-Mureş and Tārgul-Mureş.  It is located in northern Transylvania, Romania.

The Jewish population in 1930 was 5,193, 15% of the total population.  In 1939, anti-Jewish regulations were introduced and Jews were stripped of Hungarian citizenship.  In 1940, when the Hungarian regime returned, extreme restrictions were placed on Jews in trade, industry, professions, and the arts, and a numerus clausus was established for students.  From 1941-1944, 1,200 Jewish males were forced into labor battalions, over 50% of whom perished in Hungary, Poland, and Ukraine.  On March 21, 1944, the Germans occupied the town.  Soon all communal activities were outlawed and Jewish shops were closed.  On May 3, 1944, 8,638 Jews were put into three ghettos.  From May 29, 1944, 6,953 Jews were deported to Auschwitz, and only 1,200 survived.

It would be helpful for researchers to consult both this Deportation List, and the Tīrgu Mureş Ghetto List.

The Database

This collection consists of 93 roughly alphabetical pages listing Jews who were deported from Tīrgu Mureş, Romania.  There are 4,598 individuals in these lists.

The fields of the database are as follows:

  • Page Number
  • Record Number
  • Family Code Number
  • Surname
  • Given Name
  • Maiden Surname
  • Maiden Given Name
  • Dr. (doctor) / Özv. (widow)
  • Year of Birth
  • Last Address
  • Comments

Hungarian Naming Conventions for Certain Females:

There are a few naming conventions to be aware of when searching for women in this database.  If a woman was listed as a widow (özv.) or as head of household, her name is listed as her husband's name with a "né" attached to his first name.  For example, the wife of KATZ, David would be KATZ, Davidné.  The "né" designation is equivalent to the present day English "Mrs." title.  Therefore the wife's name would be listed as Mrs. David Katz.  In some cases, if you find the wife's name designated with the "né", you may also find the wife's maiden surname and given name in the applicable fields if that information was provided.

Acknowledgements

The information contained in this database was indexed from the files of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (USHMM), Acc 1999 A0210.  This information is accessible to you today thanks to the efforts of Nolan Altman, a JewishGen volunteer.

Nolan Altman
May, 2004


Searching the Database

This database is searchable via JewishGen's Holocaust Database, as well as the JewishGen Hungary Database and the JewishGen Romania Database.


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