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Other Hungarian Census Records, 1770-1850

Donated by the JewishGen Hungarian Special Interest Group

· Background
· Information in the Original Data
· Database Fields
· Creation of the Database
· Records in the Database
· Searching the Database

Background

A number of major censuses were conducted by the Kingdom of Hungary and the Austrian Empire, including the Vagyonösszeirás - 1828 (1828 Landowner census), the "Conscriptio Judaerum 1848" (1848 Census of the Jews), and the 1869 Hungarian census, which was a total population census, not just a landowner census.  These census records have been included in the JewishGen Hungary Database in separate databases because of their scope and importance.

Other local census, tax lists and household lists were created in the Kingdom of Hungary.   Most of these “Conscriptio Judaerum” lists provided the data for calculating the notorious “Tolerance Tax” that was levied against the Jewish communities throughout Hungary.  Beginning in 1747, during the reign of Empress Maria Theresa (1740-1780), the Jews were heavily taxed for the privilege of remaining in the empire, and were threatened with expulsion if they did not pay.  While the formula for calculating the taxes seems to have varied over time and location, it appears that size of household, occupation, and income-producing assets were taken into consideration.

The JewishGen Hungarian Special Interest Group (H-SIG) became aware of the records created by the Locotenential Council of Hungary, when one of its members, Bob Hanscom, received a reply from the Magyar Országos Levéltár (Hungarian National Archives) in response to his request for information regarding available records for Trencsén (today, Trenčín, Slovakia).  At that time we learned that C 55 Departamentum Judeorum included census records for Trenčín city: 1798, 1818, and 1821 and Trenčín county: 1795, 1809, 1814, 1818, 1820, and 1821.  Bob Hanscom obtained paper copies of these records and agreed to head a transcription project.  Additional information about the National Archives of Hungary can be found at http://www.mol.gov.hu.  Information about the Locotenential Council can be found under "Description of Holdings".

Members of H-SIG previously had transcribed other early census and tax list records from various sources.   These data have been available as static files on the H-SIG website.  These records have been reformatted to the H-SIG standard 'Other Census' format and are included in this searchable database.  H-SIG also anticipates adding additional records in the future.

As a second phase of the project, Census records for all other Hungarian counties are being added to those of Árva, Liptó, Máramaros, Moson, Nógrád, Sáros, Szabólcs, Szepes, Trencsén, and Zemplén — the counties comprising the original database.  This phase of the project is being coordinated by Eric Bloch.  As new Census records are acquired, these will be transcribed and added to the database.

Information in the Original Data

Because these records were created in different parts of the Austrian Empire over many decades, the information varies by year and location.   These records generally contain less information than the 1828, 1848 and 1869 census records.  At a minimum the records include the given names and surname of the head of household (although prior to about 1800, most 'surnames' listed in the records are really patronymics).  They often also indicate whether the household included a father, mother, widow, the number of sons and/or daughters, and also sometimes the presence of other blood relatives and servants.

Oftentimes additional information was included, such as occupation, birthplace, and income producing assets such as livestock, farm land, gardens, and vineyards.  One of the more interesting bits of data in the records is whether the individual was born in the Kingdom of Hungary, or not; and if not, how long they had resided in Hungary.

For tax lists, the tax assessment of each household was shown, oftentimes with an indication of the status and condition of the household (whether poor, vagrants, or servants), and sometimes with further comments.  Column headings for the different types of lists varied depending on the purpose, time and place of the list.  Most appeared in the Latin language.  Some used pre-printed headings, but most used handwritten headings.

Except for a few cases where we have identified rabbis, cantors, and shochets, most of the occupations and other financial details and descriptions of individuals that were included in the census were not transcribed, since they were in Latin and would have added considerable complication to our transcription efforts.  If you are successful in finding an ancestor, we encourage you to obtain the microfilm and view the original record yourself to obtain this additional information.

Database Format

It is important to note that this database is intended to be an index of available records, and therefore only some of the data in the original record may be included.  Searchers should also be aware that the data is transcribed as written, and thus unexpected or erroneous spelling of names and towns may be due to the spelling in the original records.  Researchers are encouraged to verify entries by reviewing the original data themselves.  If transcription errors are found, please notify the coordinator so corrections can be made to the index database.

The database includes the following fields:

  • Page Number:  These are handwritten numbers that appear to have been added to the record books many years after the original data was recorded.

  • Record Number:  This is the entry number recorded with each name listed on the original census.  If the field is blank, it is an indication that there was no record/entry number in the original census.  This record number should not be confused with house number.

  • Name: First Name (Given Name) and Last Name (Surname).

  • Relationship: The relationship between the head of the household and the individual listed.   This field is generally left blank in head-of-household-only census records.

  • Town:  This town is the town of residence listed on the census.

  • District:  The járás (district) of the town. 

  • County:  The megye (county) of the town. 

  • Year:  The year the census took place.

  • Comments:  This field is used to list other available information that the transcriber chose to transcribe, for example the presence of other family members, occupation, birth date or birthplace.

  • Reference:  The reference to the source of the data such as the specific reference at the Hungarian National Archives or the LDS microfilm number.

As a general rule, the transcribers did not include diacritical marks for place names, surnames and given names.

Creation of the Database

The database was assembled by volunteers from the JewishGen Hungarian Special Interest Group (H-SIG), serving as transcribers, data entry, and validators, and we thank them for their hard work.

We wish to thank the Magyar Országos Levéltár (Hungarian National Archives) for granting permission to create this index.  We also thank the transcribers, as without their donation of time and effort this index would not exist.  Lastly we thank the support team from JewishGen: Warren Blatt, Michael Tobias and Joyce Field.

Records in the Database

The database currently contains more than 70,000 records, as follows:

County
(megye)
Contents Transcriber(s) # of
Entries
Abauj 1773 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 538 entries Eric Bloch 538
Arad 1773 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 133 entries Eric Bloch 133
Árva 1774-75 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 52 entries
1850 Nameszto and Trstena járás Lists
Jaki Erdoes and Gary Luke 1,927
Bács-Bodrog 1773-74 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 167 entries Eric Bloch 167
Baranya 1775 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 65 entries Eric Bloch 65
Bereg 1771 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 103 entries
1772 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 67 entries
1832 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 425 entries
1842 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 1,094 entries
J. Petersen, Adam Smith, Michael Taub, and others 1,689
Bihar 1770 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 90 entries
1774 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 175 entries
1775 Tolerance Tax: 86 entries
1816 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 613 entries
1820/21 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 185 entries
Alex Miller, Eric Bloch, Henry Wellisch 1,149
Borsod 1771 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 246 entries
1781 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 42 entries
1782 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 245 entries
Shaul Berger, Don Seligman 533
Csanad 1771 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 35 entries
1773 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 50 entries
Henry Wellisch 85
Esztergom 1771 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 75 entries
1773 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 108 entries
1775 Tolerance Tax: 56 entries
Shaul Berger 239
Fejér (Alba) 1774 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 253 entries Eric Bloch 253
Györ (Jaur) 1770 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 78 entries
1774 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 104 entries
Eric Bloch 182
Hajdusag 1770 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 4 entries
1773 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 8 entries
1774 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 8 entries
Eric Bloch 20
Hont 1770 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 11 entries
1775 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 1 entry
Eric Bloch 12
Komárom 1771 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 187 entries
1774 Tolerance Tax / Conscriptio Judaeorum: 488 entries
Oct 1774 Supplemental Information: 12 entries
Dec 1774 Tolerance Tax: 150 entries
Jan 1775 Tolerance Tax: 152 entries
Feb 1775 Tolerance Tax: 153 entries
Apr 1775 Tolerance Tax: 152 entries
Jun 1775 Tolerance Tax: 153 entries
Jul 1775 Tolerance Tax: 153 entries
Aug 1775 Tolerance Tax: 153 entries
Oct 1775 Tolerance Tax: 150 entries
Eric Bloch 1,903
Liptó 1771 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 56 entries
1775 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 90 entries
1781 Tolerance Tax / Conscriptio Judaeorum: 103 entries
1794 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 53 entries
1808 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 92 entries
1818 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 96 entries
1822 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 131 entries
1831/2 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 142 entries
Dan Haas, J. Petersen, Michael Taub, and others 763
Máramaros Names from Sighet Census Lists - 1728, 1768, 1818, 1830 Dr. Menachem (Nachi) Keren 156
Máramaros Karŕcsonfalva (Kretchinev) - 1830 Dolph Klein 72
Máramaros 1771 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 257 entries
1774 Tolerance Tax: 350 entries
1775 Tolerance Tax: 332 entries
1781 Tolerance Tax: 416 entries
1782 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 437 entries
1779/80 Tolerance Tax: 412 entries
1794 Tolerance Tax: 146 entries
1795 Tolerance Tax: 598 entries
1818 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 1,120 entries
1820/21 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 291 entries
1821 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 110 entries
1821/22 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 877 entries
1822 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 50 entries
Renate Bielefeld, Sandy Malek, Michael Taub, Erica Wiesel, and others 5,470
Moson 1770 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 236 entries
1773 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 575 entries
1778/81 Tolerance Tax: 73 entries entries
1782 Enumeration of the Jews: 1,000 entries
1792 Tolerance Tax: 413 entries
1795 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 227 entries
1801 Tolerance Tax: 258 entries
1808 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 354 entries
1817 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 303 entries
1821 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 432 entries
1830/31 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 313 entries
1835 Tolerance Tax: 571 entries
1838 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 310 entries
1839 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 122 entries
1840 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 199 entries
1842 Conscriptio Judaeorum & Tolerance Tax: 734 entries
1844 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 317 entries
1846 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 444 entries
Henry Wellisch, and others 6,881
Nógrád 1771 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 112 entries
1774 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 218 entries
1775 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 150 entries
1781 Tolerance Tax: 193 entries
1782 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 223 entries
1794 Liquidatio ‘Tolerance Tax’: 751 entries
1795 Tolerance Tax: 507 entries
1801 Tolerance Tax: 48 entries
1802 Tolerance Tax: 287 entries
1821 Tolerance Tax: 136 entries
1818/19 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 185 entries
1819/20 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 96 entries
1820/21 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 168 entries
1829 Tolerance Tax: 80 entries
1830 Tolerance Tax: 49 entries
1833 Tolerance Tax: 65 entries
1838 Tolerance Tax: 56 entries
1839 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 78 entries
1840 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 131 entries
Shaul Berger, J. Petersen, Don Seligman, and others 3,533
Nyitra 1770 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 233 entries
1771 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 927 entries
1774 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 1,917 entries
Henry Wellisch 3,077
Pest-Pilis-Solt 1771 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 495 entries
1773 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 1,117 entries
1857 Family List for Waitzen (Vacz): 831 entries
J. Petersen, Henry Wellisch 2,443
Pozsony 1770 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 711 entries
1773 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 245 entries
1774 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 1,191 entries
Post-1850 Family Lists from Rabbinical Records: 1,388 entries
Henry Wellisch 3,535
Sáros 1771 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 222 entries
1775 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 416 entries
1781 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 1,390 entries
1796 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 414 entries
1819/20 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 695 entries
1830/31 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 523 entries
1831/32 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 413 entries
1832 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 245 entries
J. Petersen, Tom Venetianer, Henry Wellisch, and others 4,318
Somogy 1771 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 201 entries
1773 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 641 entries
Henry Wellisch 842
Sopron 1771 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 695 entries
1772 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 29 entries
1774 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 909 entries
Henry Wellisch 1,633
Szabolcs 1771 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 324 entries
Pre-1894 Bokony List: 246 entries
Eric Bloch, Michael Taub 570
Szatmár 1771 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 301 entries
1774 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 556 entries
Dan Haas, Sandy Malek, and others 857
Szepes 1771 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 53 entries
1774 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 81 entries
1782 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 53 entries
1786/77 Tolerance Tax: 50 entries
1787/78 Tolerance Tax: 44 entries
1787/92 Tolerance Tax: 29 entries
1788/89 Tolerance Tax: 42 entries
1789/90 Tolerance Tax: 37 entries
1790/91 Tolerance Tax: 35 entries
1791/92 Tolerance Tax: 33 entries
1792/93 Tolerance Tax: 31 entries
1793/94 Tolerance Tax: 31 entries
1794/95 Tolerance Tax: 28 entries
1808 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 311 entries
1816/17 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 224 entries
1820/21 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 222 entries
1825 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 197 entries
1829 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 222 entries
1829/30 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 42 entries
1830/31 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 468 entries
1831/32 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 121 entries
1832 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 142 entries
1833/34 Tolerance Tax: 300 entries
1834/35 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 492 entries
1835/36 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 423 entries
1835 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 206 entries
1836 Tolerance Tax: 795 entries
1838 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 881 entries
Shaul Berger, Rebecca Fenning, Geri Wahrman Raichel, Lynn Saul, Michael Taub, Tom Venetianer, and others 5,631
Tolna 1771 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 258 entries
1773 Tolerance Tax: 254 entries
1774 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 453 entries
1775 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 64 entries
Henry Wellisch 1,029
Torna 1771 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 12 entries
1774 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 13 entries
Henry Wellisch 25
Trencsén 1771 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 515 entries
1771 Tolerance Tax: 30 entries
1773 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 503 entries
1795 — all of Trencsén County: 952 entries
1798 — Trencsén City only: 91 entries
1808 — Pucho only: 30 entries
1809 — all of Trencsén County: 1,153 entries
1814 — some portions of Trencsén County: 136 entries
1818 — all of Trencsén County (family): 1,259 entries
1818 — all of Trencsén County (financial): 1,153 entries
1819 (1820) — Bittse only: 16 entries
1821 — Trencsén City only: 97 entries
1821 — Trencsén County: 1,140 entries
Bob Hanscom (Coordinator), Joyce Eastman, Sam Vass, Henry Wellisch, Judy Young, and Steve Zepnick. 7,075
Turocz 1771 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 27 entries
1773 Tolerance Tax: 21 entries
Henry Wellisch 48
Ugocsa 1771 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 62 entries
1775 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 141 entries
1775 Tolerance Tax: 78 entries
Henry Wellisch 281
Ung 1771 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 158 entries
1775 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 334 entries
Michael Taub 492
Vas (Castriferrus) 1771 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 351 entries
1774 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 560 entries
J. Petersen 911
Veszprem 1771 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 374 entries Henry Wellisch 374
Zala 1770 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 262 entries
1774 Tolerance Tax: 285 entries
1774 Conscriptio Judaeorum: (not complete) 234 entries
Eric Bloch 781
Zemplén 1771 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 563 entries
1774 Conscriptio Judaeorum: 1,074 entries
1806 List of Jews in Sztropko District: 490 entries
1808 Homonna járás (district) List: 157 entries
1814 Tolerance Tax: 19 entries
1821-22 Conscriptio Arendatorum: 1,776 entries
1854 Galszecs járás (district) Conscriptio Judaeorum: 3,037 entries
1851 Tolcsva List: 707 entries
Cherie Korer, J. Petersen, Sam Schleman, Tom Venetianer, Henry Wellisch 7,823
Zemplén Jewish Names from the 1811/1812 Renters and Taxpayers Census Alex Miller 3,040

Notes On Searching the Database

The Hungarian Census Records Database can be searched via the JewishGen Hungary Database interface.

The database is searchable by community (town name), surname, and/or given name, using any of four options:

  1. "is Exactly" (Exact spelling),
  2. "Starts with" (Prefix wildcard),
  3. "Sounds Like" (Daitch-Mokotoff Soundex),
  4. "Global Text" search.

The last search type, "Global Text", performs a search of all fields.  This search can be used to find records containing a particular search term, such as a county (megye) or district (járás) name, or LDS microfilm number.  To do a "Global Text" search, select "Any Field" from the "Data Type" pulldown.

If you are searching for a hyphenated town name or county, you must enter only the name before the hyphen or after the hyphen, but not both.  At this time, the search engine is not capable of handling hyphenated names.  JewishGen technicians are working on this issue.


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