Translation of the
Rozana
A Memorial to the Ruzhinoy Jewish Community

(Ruzhany, Belarus)

Published by the Yizkor Books in Print Project
part of Yizkor Books Project of JewishGen, Inc.

Original written in Hebrew and Yiddish
Collected and Edited by Mayer Sokolowsky
Supplementary chapters in Yiddish by Joseph Abramovitsch
Translated from the Hebrew and Yiddish by Jerrold Landau
Co-Editors, Edie Taylor and Brian Zakem
458 pages, 6.69" by 9.61", hard cover, including all photos and other images

Details:

This book is a translation of the Ruzhany Memorial (Yizkor) Book that was published in 1957 in Hebrew and Yiddish; it is based upon the memoirs of former Jewish residents of the town who had left before the war.

Ruzhany, called “Rozana” in Polish and “Ruzhnoy” in Yiddish, is now a small town in Belarus. It was part of Russia at the time of World War I and Poland for a short period afterwards, and then the Soviet Union. In 1939, the Jewish population was 3,500at its peak, comprising 78% of the town's population. In November 1942, every Jewish resident was murdered by the Nazis and their collaborators.

Founded in the mid-1500s, Jews were welcomed by the private owner, the Grand Chancellor, Duke Leu Sapeiha. He valued Jewish settlers who would create a variety of businesses that would produce profits and generate collectable taxes. They opened schools, built many small synagogues, and the “Great Synagogue” in the main square. In addition they established many social institutions. The market town thrived.

Starting in the early 1900s, many young Jews immigrated to the United States so that the young men could avoid prolonged conscription into the Czar's army. Other young Jews studied farming and became “pioneers” (Halutzim) in Palestine, now Israel. Between the wars, the Jews slowly revived their businesses and social life. They formed the first all-Jewish volunteer fire department in the region. Many engaged in secular activities, political groups, youth groups, Zionist and Socialist, as well as religious life, all described in this book.

The descriptions of the destruction of the community and their end in the Treblinka death camp are recorded in this book by survivors from other towns. No Jewish resident from Ruzhany survived!

This translation of the 1957 Memorial (Yizkor) Book makes these first-hand accounts available to English-speaking researchers and Ruzhany descendants living all over the world.

Available at:

List price:

$59.95


This material is made available by JewishGen, Inc. and the Yizkor Book Project for the purpose of
fulfilling our mission of disseminating information about the Holocaust and destroyed Jewish communities.
This material may not be copied, sold or bartered without JewishGen, Inc.'s permission. Rights may be reserved by the copyright holder.


JewishGen, Inc. makes no representations regarding the accuracy of the translation. The reader may wish to refer to the original material for verification.
JewishGen is not responsible for inaccuracies or omissions in the original work and cannot rewrite or edit the text to correct inaccuracies and/or omissions.
Our mission is to produce a translation of the original work and we cannot verify the accuracy of statements or alter facts cited.

  Yizkor Books in Print     Yizkor Book Project     JewishGen Home Page


Yizkor Book Project Manager, Lance Ackerfeld
This web page created by Lance Ackerfeld

Copyright ©1999-2014 by JewishGen, Inc.
Updated 31 May 2013 by LA